Citizen Science and Biosecurity: bee alert and bee alarmed
Citizen Science and Biosecurity: bee alert and bee alarmed
Australian Citizen Scientists are busy (like bees!) documenting the spread of an exotic and invasive South African carder bee, Afranthidium Immanthidium repetitum. Through the great work of the BowerBird community, the Atlas of Living Australia has learnt that the known distribution for this species has increased significantly. From what was first recorded in Brisbane in 2000, Sydney in 2007, and recent records in Rockhampton and Albury lodged in late 2014.
Sadly, Ken Walker from the Victoria Museum has now confirmed a new sighting for the species: in Victoria. The species has well and truly crossed the state borders, and human transportation is the most likely cause for its spread, as explained in this Queensland Museum fact sheet.
The initial image of the male specimen was taken in alcohol, looking down one eyepiece of a microscope with an iPhone – an impressive photograph and certainly good enough for species identification (as there is no native megachilid bee in Australia with these distinctive yellow colour markings). The photographed specimen is now in the collection of Museum Victoria.
Unlike many other megachilid bee species, this bee does not nest in the ground or in wooden holes, but rather it makes a “cotton-ball like” free standing nest from “hairs” it gathers from plant leaves and forms its nest inside sheltered locations such as wooden boxes or window frames: making them a perfect candidate for human transportation.
Citizen Science is a very important source of data for Australian biodiversity knowledge. Data and insights gained through the efforts of everyday spotters can be as valuable as that obtained by scientists working in academia, natural history collections, government agencies and business. The new sightings of invasive pests uploaded by citizen scientists are a perfect example of how public knowledge and experiences with the environment around them can assist with issues of national importance, such as biosecurity.
BowerBird is supported by the Atlas of Living Australia and Museum Victoria. Records provided to and identified by BowerBird users are uploaded to the Atlas of Living Australia each week.
Fungimap is one of the largest citizen science groups in Australia and – with over 100,000 fungi records available online– is the biggest single contributor of fungi records to the Atlas of Living Australia (the Atlas).
Fungimap uses information gathered by volunteer observers across Australia, from professionals to amateurs, to map the distribution of target species of Australian fungi. The target species have been selected for their relative ease of identification and the fact that they are generally widespread.
Fungimap was founded by Dr Tom May, a Senior Mycologist at the Royal Botanic Gardens Melbourne, and has been bringing together fungi enthusiasts from all over the country since its humble beginnings in 1995.
“When I had the idea for Fungimap, I thought that a handful of field naturalists would contribute, and the mapping scheme would run for a couple of years,” Dr May said. “Almost 20 years later, more than 100,000 fungi records have been submitted, from almost 1,000 people and organisations from around Australia.”
Although Fungimap has been around for 20 years, it’s only recently that these important fungi records have been made readily available to a wider audience. Support from the Atlas in 2012 enabled Fungimap data to be delivered to the Atlas.
The Atlas funding also facilitated the incorporation of major data sets from individual fungi collectors – such as Genevieve Gates and David Ratkowsky, whose observation records number in the tens of thousands – into the Fungimap database, and on to the Atlas.
The collaboration between Fungimap and the Atlas continues, with the Atlas recently providing additional support for Fungimap to deliver a further 5000 observation records, along with images of 250 taxa. These additional records and images will help fill gaps in the fungi data available in the Atlas, benefitting both Fungimap members and the wider community.
“Having the Fungimap data in the Atlas is fantastic for the Fungimap community,” says May. “It’s rewarding for members to be able to easily view their own records, and the maps help identify gaps in fungi observations, which encourages people to go and look for more.”
May’s – and Fungimap’s – contribution to the understanding of Australian fungi was formally recognised late last year when May was awarded the 2014 Australian Natural History Medallion by the Field Naturalists Club of Victoria.
The Australian Natural History Medallion is awarded each year to the person judged to have made the most meritorious contribution to the understanding of Australian Natural History. Dr May’s contribution stems not only from his crucial role in Fungimap, but also from his scientific research at the National Herbarium of Victoria.
If you are interested in fungi, you can contribute to the Fungimap project by sending in records of any fungus you come across, either at home or in your travels. As so little is known about Australian fungi, all contributions are very valuable, even if you only learn to recognise a couple of species.
If you want to learn more about fungi, you might like to attend the Fungimap 8 Conference in April 2015, which will focus on building up people’s knowledge of macrofungi. Each day of the conference, participants will get out in the bushland around Batemans Bay to look for fungi, learn about them in their natural habitat, and make observation records that will be contributed to the Atlas.
The National Koala Count is an innovative, large-scale citizen science initiative developed by the National Parks Association of NSW (NPA), which runs every year from November 7-17. The aim of the count is to create a comprehensive picture of koala numbers and locations across the landscape by engaging communities directly in this once-a-year survey.
A unique GPS-enabled smartphone app, BioTag, allows for quick and easy recording of sightings. Any data that is collected is then fed into the Atlas of Living Australia (ALA), where it complements existing records and is available for any organisation or researcher who needs it.
A web portal, www.koalacount.org.au, functions as a central repository for data and enables participants to view all of the records they have collected, as well as those gathered by other participants. ALA, a strong supporter of the count, provided all of the mobile apps and infrastructure for the website.
The annual count is proving a great success, with 308 people taking part in the 2014 survey and recording 1,161 koala sightings, a 54% increase in the number of records compared to the 2013 count. This increase is assumed to be due to the higher number of people who participated.
A comprehensive report of the results has been released and distributed to koala researchers and land managers across Australia to help inform decisions about future conservation efforts. A copy of the report can be downloaded from www.koalacount.org.au.
The long-term aim is to repeat the survey annually so that changes in populations and the effectiveness of conservation efforts, along with the impact of events such as drought and fire, can be monitored over time.
If you would like to learn more about this exciting survey, visit www.npansw.org.au/koalacount. Or if you’d like to be kept informed about NPA’s upcoming citizen science projects register for NPA’s monthly enewsletter.
With summer almost here, now is the perfect time to get out of the house and enjoy Australia’s great outdoors. And what better way to do it than by joining one of the citizen science events that are happening across the country this November! Not only will you be out enjoying nature, but you’ll be making a valuable contribution to Australia’s biodiversity knowledge as well, with recorded sightings being fed into the Atlas of Living Australia(ALA).
Events include the Mimosa Rocks BioBlitz, which is taking place on the 7th and 8th of November; the World Parks Congress BioBlitz, which will be held in Sydney on Sunday November 16th; and the National Koala Count, which will run from the 7th to 17th of November.
The picturesque Mimosa Rocks National Park is located on the NSW south coast and is home to an amazing array of flora and fauna, including Potaroos, Glossy Black-cockatoos, orchids, and cycads to name just a few. The Mimosa Rocks BioBlitz will include 43 surveys hosted by expert scientists and naturalists. For more information, including what surveys are happening when and how to register, please visit www.alcw.org.au.
The World Parks Congress (WPC) BioBlitz is happening as part of PlanetFest, and, with the help of families and nature lovers, aims to capture a snapshot of the biodiversity at Sydney Olympic Park. Experts will take participants on guided nature surveys where they’ll go hunting for birds, insects, plants, frogs and water bugs. There will be hands on displays in the BioBlitz marquee, providing the opportunity to learn more about BioBlitz events and how they assist protected area managers to involve the public in scientific surveys. For more information and to register for the event, please visit http://wpcbioblitz.eventbrite.com.au.
Both the Mimosa Rocks and WPC BioBlitz events are using the international product, iNaturalist, to register sightings. These records will be incorporated into the ALA on a regular basis.
And for those who aren’t in NSW, why not take part in the National Koala Count, which is open to participants across Australia. A freely-available, GPS-enabled smartphone app, BioTag, has been developed especially for the event by the ALA. The app allows participants to easily record their koala sightings anywhere across the country. BioTag is available for both android and Apple mobile devices and can be downloaded from Google play and iTunes, just search for BioTag. People who do not own a smartphone or tablet can enter their sightings directly into the National Parks Association’s Data Portal. To get involved, simply register at www.koalacount.org.au, download BioTag, or log onto the Data Portal, and you are ready to start counting!
By participating in any (or all!) of these events you will be helping to build a more comprehensive picture of the numbers and locations of Australian plant and animal species across the landscape, which is highly important for the effective management of our precious and unique biodiversity.
On October the 24th and 25th, the first ever ReefBlitz will be happening at Cannonvale Beach (just north of Airlie Beach) in Queensland.
Whether you want to be up at the crack of dawn for a spot of bird watching, take a late afternoon stroll to Pigeon Island to count sea cucumbers, or ramble over the rocky foreshore, ReefBlitz 2014 at Cannonvale Beach has it all. Sign up today for one of 23 surveys on offer to document the flora and fauna of Cannonvale Beach, stay for a presentation or interactive science display at basecamp or lend a helping hand in the beach clean-up. All ReefBlitz activities are free and are suitable for a wide range of ages.
If you’re near Airlie and would like to participate, then register here!
DigiVol is a collaboration between the Australian Museum and the Atlas of Living Australia that was initially an experimental foray into crowd-sourcing. At the time, the notion that there were online volunteers willing to help natural history collections capture their data seemed rather far-fetched.
It was definitely a risk: crowd-sourcing was in its infancy and there were no other museums providing online volunteers with an opportunity to help digitise their natural history collections. But now, DigiVol has not only become a means for Australia’s museums to tackle the enormous task of digitising their collections, but institutions like the Smithsonian, New York Botanic Gardens, and Kew Gardens have also chosen DigiVol to host their own virtual expeditions to digitise their collections.
As further proof of DigiVol’s success, we recently recorded two impressive milestones. Our volunteers at DigiVol Online have now completed over 100,000 transcription tasks, with some of our most prolific volunteers completing over 10,000 transcription tasks each. Also, in just two short years, DigiVol Lab volunteers at the Australian Museum have created over 70,000 images of the Museum’s very large Malacology (think molluscs, such as snails, slugs, clams, octopus and squid) collection. These milestones represent a monumental contribution to digitising the collections of museums and herbaria from Australia and around the world.
- Delivering maximum impact for Australia: enhancing relationships between scientists and end-users
- Supporting long-term research
- Enabling ecosystem surveillance
- Making the most of data resources*
- Inspiring a generation: empowering the public with knowledge and opportunities
- Facilitating coordination, collaboration and leadership
*The PRIORITY Making the most of data resources is most relevant to the Atlas of Living Australia-
“Sustained infrastructure and capacity for consistent collection, publication and archiving of ecosystem science data sets and meta-data in standard, easily accessible formats in publicly accessible websites. Australia needs sustained infrastructure and capacity-building to maintain and facilitate the publication of and access to ecosystem science data. We can get better value from our collective data resources by properly describing and storing data in ways that enable discovery, access and re-use. Significant gains have been made in recent years, but there is currently no coordinated national strategy for collecting, storing and accessing core ecosystem science data across terrestrial, aquatic and atmospheric domains. Moving Australian ecosystem science to a position of open access to both historical and current data can enable research communities to build time series at a scale well beyond that which they could achieve individually. Synthesis, analysis and modelling of collective data will help to deliver essential outputs for government, industry and society.”
Celebrating the 50th birthday of the Canberra Ornithologists Group (COG), citizen scientists across the Canberra region are recording sightings of Gang-gang cockatoos.
“The exciting thing about citizen science is that anyone can do it,” says Kathy Eyles, communications manager for the Gang-gang project. “It empowers individuals to contribute to science and assembles enough people to make large scale surveys possible.”
COG hopes the Gang-gang survey will get a whole new audience excited about bird‐watching and cultivate their interest in learning more about native birds and their habitat.
Data being collected includes site location, bird numbers and ages and notes about behaviour and habitat. The website went live on 1 February 2014 and to date has attracted almost 100 observers and over 650 records.
The Gang-gang survey also involves four week-long blitzes – the Gang-gang Muster – which will be held during May, August and November this year and February next year.
COG will use the data to understand more about the ecology of the Gang-gang within the ACT region. At present, little is known about the species’ abundance, movements, food preferences, seasonal distribution, or the frequency or success of breeding events.
The Gang‐gang Cockatoo is a much loved and easily recognised species that is part of Canberra’s bush capital identity. This popular bird is the faunal emblem for the ACT and appears on the logo of both the ACT Parks and Conservation Service and COG.
Update 9 Apr 2014 – BREAKING NEWS! Due to bad weather warnings of heavy rain with the possibility of thunderstorms, we have reluctantly decided to postpone the Panboola Bioblitz to May 16/17th
The wetlands are already saturated because of recent high rainfall and the further rain predicted will make the area impossible for many go the proposed surveys.
The Atlas of Life and Panboola Wetlands Trust team is very sorry about this and apologise to all of you who have signed up for surveys and made arrangements to join us.
Your bookings for surveys will be kept unless you tell us you are unable to come in May. Contact Libby Hepburn: 02 6495 0917 if you would like further information.
The original posting follows….
Come to the coast and join the Panboola Bioblitz
The regional biodiversity project Atlas of Life in the Coastal Wilderness is partnering with Panboola Wetlands and Heritage Project inc. and Landcare to put on this ambitious festival of nature.
There are 40 surveys over the 30 hours of the Bioblitz covering everything from water bugs to shell middens, birds to bats and flora and reptile hunts. See the website www.alcw.org.au for details and to make your bookings to reserve your place on chosen surveys. Join scientists and naturalists, families and friends to find, and record biodiversity – from 7am Friday 16th May (was originally 11 April) to 4pm Saturday 17th, this is a FREE event for everyone, explore on your own, or sign up for surveys with experienced leaders. Everyone is welcome.
Contact Patrick Tegart : Project -co-ordinator T: 0449 162 594 e: firstname.lastname@example.org
Spending too much time with your nose to your computer screen? Instead of playing games hunched over a console why not try QuestaBird, a new Android game which will take you outside and into the bush.
Using your phone to photograph birds, butterflies and moths, the game involves competing with others to collect the most species and the greatest number of animals in your area.
The game works across Australia using over 2400 species of birds (with the option to upgrade to over half a million species). Players can join quests anywhere in Australia, photograph birds and other animals, earn gold, buy virtual supplies and equipment, gain levels, build their collection, compete with other players and become Australia’s highest-scoring adventurers.
“It was the path-breaking work of the ALA that allowed the concept of QuestaBird to take shape,” explains Andrew Robinson co-founder of Questa. “Once we saw what they were doing, our vision for the game was suddenly possible.”
All sightings are tagged with location, date and time and submitted to the Atlas of Living Australia. The data is then verified and becomes part of the ALA’s database to help map and protect Australia’s biodiversity.
“Players are not only learning about their environment, they’re collecting data that helps protect it. In effect they have become citizen scientists without even knowing it.” Says Robinson.
Best of all the game is free.
“QuestaBird will help to publicise what the Atlas is doing” says Peter Thew, an engineer at the Atlas of Living Australia. “I hope it will spark interest in people to explore Australia’s wonderful wildlife .”
QuestaBird works anywhere in Australia and includes all known Australian birds, butterflies and moths, with the option to upgrade to all known Australian animals. It’s currently available on Android devices.